Resilience in Tourism
The project aimed to support tourism destinations in systematically increasing their resilience to potential hazards and changing framework conditions. The project, led by DKKV and funded by GIZ, ran from June 2021 to October 2022.
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Resilience in Tourism
Tourism is a significant source of income for the population and an important foreign exchange earner for the economies in many countries of the Global South. However, many tourism destinations are confronted with complex and interrelated risks such as climate change, global pandemics, biodiversity loss and ever-increasing challenges in their ecosystems. In order to address increasing uncertainties and ever more frequent crisis events, also in tourism destinations, resilience has become a key concept in dealing with these challenges. In particular, the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated problems for tourism – offers a starting point for the implementation of long-term concepts to promote a resilient approach to future risks and crises.
Destination resilience consists of the ability of the individual actors of a destination to react to acute crisis events but also to initiate long-term adaptation and transformation strategies. These proactive strategies take into account not only aspects of disaster preparedness, but also aspects of sustainable development. Thus, on the one hand, destination resilience is located on different levels and, on the other hand, it is a multi-layered construct that includes social, economic, institutional and ecological dimensions.
This is where the project ‘Destination Resilience – Quality Infrastructure for Resilient Tourism’ came in. The aim of the project was to develop and apply a holistic resilience concept at destination level, which includes aspects of sustainability as well as disaster risk reduction. Tourism destinations consist of different groups of actors and components (e.g., hotel and hospitality industry, transport sector or leisure industry etc.) and are confronted with different risks – be it a pandemic, the global climate crisis or acute hazard events such as terrorism and natural hazards. Based on three pilot destinations, Namibia (Erongo Region), Sri Lanka (Ella) and the Dominican Republic (Samaná), options for action and training modules were compiled that are specifically based on the local conditions of these three destinations.
Through the project, the awareness and importance of risk and resilience in the tourism sector could be strengthened as well as concrete measures for resilience enhancement and risk-informed development could be successfully implemented in the three destinations. In addition to the added value for the local actors in the destinations, a contribution was also made to increasing the safety of holidaymakers.
The project is part of the Corona Tourism Package of the German Federal Government and was funded by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). DKKV implemented the project in cooperation with Futouris, the sustainability initiative of the German travel industry.
June 2021 until Oktober 2022
Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ)
- Development of a holistic concept on resilience of tourism destinations and five methodological steps to identify resilience-promoting strategies (Destination Resilience Analysis Guideline)
- Application of the methodology in the pilot destinations
- Compilation of options for practical risk management for tourism destinations
- Implementation of workshops and training measures in the pilot destinations
- Creation of an online Knowledge Corners
- Preparation of specific resilience guides for destinations in the Dominican Republic (Manual Samaná), Namibia (Manual Erongo) and Sri Lanka (Manual Ella)
- Review of options for certification of destinations with regard to their resilience through the preparation of an expert report and the organisation of an expert workshop with global certification companies
- Providing information to the tourism industry and consumers at various events.
- Design of the project content in the form of local resilience guides, a holistic resilience guideline, flyers and brochures in German, English and Spanish
The project Destination Resilience (ger. Destinationsresilienz), Quality Infrastructure for Resilient Tourism was concluded in October 2022 after the successful completion of various activities to increase resilience in tourism destinations. In the last phase of the...
In September 2022, trainings on first aid and fire fighting were held in Sri Lanka, Ella. The trainings addressed various actors in tourism and were received with great interest. A total of 88 participants took part in the trainings. The main topics were dealing with...
In terms of content, the project is in its final phase. For example, an expert workshop was held on 27.09.2022 to review the possibilities for certifying destinations with regard to their resilience. For this purpose, an expert report on the current status of...